china absolute tours logo
Zoom In  Zoom Out

Sui Dynasty

Duration: 581~618 CE
Capital: Chang’an (modern-day Xi’an)

In some ways, the Sui Dynasty bears similarity to the Qin Dynasty. Like the Qin, the Sui was a short-lived dynasty, which put an end to centuries of division between rival regimes within China and was to have far-reaching influence on China’s later history.

The founding emperor, named Yang Jian (known as Emperor Wen of Sui), usurped the throne in 581 from his son-in-law, emperor of the Northern Zhou regime which had then unified north China. His son Yang Guang then led an army across the Yangtze River and conquered the whole of south China in 589. China was thus reunified for the first time since the collapse of Western Jin Dynasty (in 316 CE).

The significance of the Sui Dynasty does not solely lie in the reunification of China proper under it. Though rather short-lived, it witnessed reforms and projects that were of paramount influence on later Chinese dynasties. Most prominently, there was the imperial civil service examination system which was to become the most enduring way of drafting talents into the bureaucracy. Confucian education was restored. Then there was the grand construction project of the Grand Canal, which was to become the north-south transport artery throughout the Imperial China. And, the state institutions of the Tang Dynasty, its notable successor, proved much of a duplicate of the Sui.
Sui Dynasty, Chinese DynastiesSui Dynasty, Chinese Dynasties

The China Grand Canal was opened in the Sui Dynasty.

Drafting officials through the imperial civil service exams was a Sui Dynasty innovation.

However, the Sui soon collapsed under its second ruler, Emperor Yang (name: Yang Guang). Though a fairly talented and capable emperor, he did not only build the Grand Canal, but also launched four costly wars of conquest against Goguryeo. These campaigns all failed miserably, incurring huge casualties and greatly draining the national economy. Public wrath against the Emperor’s dictatorship fermented and culminated in full-scale peasant uprisings which plunged the country into a chaotic state of division again.
Sui Dynasty, Chinese Dynasties

Emperor Yang of Sui on his lavish inspection tour to Yangzhou.

In 618, Emperor Yang was assassinated in Jiangdu by one of his senior military advisors. In the ensuing scramble for rule between the warlords, Li Yuan, Duke of Tang, emerged victorious, and was to reunify China under the Tang Dynasty.


Leave your comments or questions:(You can use Facebook or default response system for writing down your message)
Leave a response

1-888-414-0686 (US & CA)

0-808-189-0371 (UK)

1-800-982-536 (AU)

0086-571-85278076 (Intl)

Many people are looking for   travel deals before their trip to China. We believe you may find a good China travel deal here that suits you best.

If you're looking for a great guide to the best and most interesting tourist attractions in China, then allow us to show you China from the inside.

About Us | Why Us | Terms and Conditions | Contact Us Ltd ©2008-2016

Tourist Complaint Hotline: 96118