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The History of Xian (2)


Western Han's capital was set up in Luoyang, but later moved to Xian. Mass building up projects had been done in 2nd century BC.

In 138 BC famous Chinese diplomat Zhang Qian (张骞, 164 – 114 BC) set out from Xian to contain the barbaric Hun, which was an invading tribe in northwestern China during the Han Dynasty. About twelve years later he returned Xian from what now called Afghanistan. Zhang had opened the famous Silk Road, which was the sole path to the Western world at that time in China. This has given great opportunities for cultural, political and economical exchange between China and the West.

The very first state run university of China had been established in 124 BC. It was located outside the southern city wall of Changan (now Xian's Lianhu District). There were about 50 students studying in. And Xian was continued as the capital of China.

The Hun entered Xian in 418 AD. He Lian Bo Bo (赫连勃勃) took the advantage of weakness of the late Qin Dynasty and became the emperor of Xi Xia State (西夏国). His heart was so cruel that he would kill people whatever he liked. After his death, his sons battled for the throne and many of them died. The strength of Xi Xia State was badly weakened and it was destroyed by the Wei. The Western Wei continued to use Changan as the dynasty's capital.

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