Mausoleum of Emperor Qinshihuang
Unquestionably, if it were not discovered unexpectedly, such a large number of terra-cotta figures would still have covered under ground. Qinshihuang, as China’s first emperor died in 210 BC, buried in the center of mausoleum. There were also many famous terra-cotta figures surrounded him. The complicated mausoleum is done following its size and layout of national capital---Xianyang. Those figures are varied and colorful, even their war horses, chariots and arms are all the excellent masterpieces of realism deserved the high value.
The mausoleum of Qinshihuang is the first emperor’s buried place in China’s history. It is located in the north side of Lishan Mountain and five kilometers far from Lingtong County. It is the first large-scale and perfect imperial mausoleum. There are inner and outer walls in Qinshihuang Mausoleum which symbolize the royal palace and center palace. Mausoleum is located in the southern inner city. The height of mausoleum is 51 meter and the perimeter of the bottom is more than 1700 meters. According to the historic record, there is also the diversity of palaces in the mausoleum. Plenty of treasure is displayed there.
Terra-cotta warriors pit is the sub-ordinate pit of Qinshihuang Mausoleum, which is located in the east side of mausoleum, 1500-meter distance from the mausoleum. Currently three pits have been found, and they were ranked like Chinese character ”品”. Roughly 7000 terra-cotta figures of Qin Dynasty and numerous war-horse figures, chariots and arms were excavated, which represents the top achievement of sculpture and carving quality of Qin Dynasty. Terra-cotta warrior pits crypt-style architecture with a mingled structure comprised of wood and soil. It looks like a model military alignment in order to be the royal guards for imperial palace protection. Estimated from the equipments and configurations, the No.1 symbolizes the main body of the doughboy and chariot, and the No.2 it is the mixed military army comprised of infantry, cavalryman, and chariot solider. The No. 3 is the headquarters of No.1and No.2 pits.
In December 1980, two groups of large colorized copper chariots with war horses excavated in the west side of Emperor Qinshihuang mausoleum. So far it is the earliest, biggest, and most complicated but most elaborate copper chariots. It is called to be the Crown of Bronze in ancient China. Mausoleum of Qinshihuang is one of the worldly largest, most particular and most meaningful mausoleums. Mausoleum of Qinshihuang is comparable with Egyptian Pyramid and ancient Greek sculptures. It is the largest achievement of China’s archeology in the 29th century. In fact it is a luxurious underground palace. Many foreign leaders and scholars commented the Terra-cotta pits as the eighth world wonder. It is the magnificent discovery in world archeological history
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