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Tibetan Nationality


 
 
Tibetan Nationality live not only in China, but also in Nepal, Pakistan, Indian and Bhutan.As a great  nation of Chinese ethnic group, Tibetan people have played an important role in the development of China, including the culture and arts. However, in deed, it's really very challenging for living in such a high altitude plateau and with harsh natural environment.But Tibetan people always show their warm hospitality to the people all over the world and most of Han people and other ethnic groups really admire their strong endurance and enthusiasm.
 
Brief Introduction of Tibetan  Nationality 

 
 
 
Chinese Name: 藏族zàngzú, the Chinese name “藏"come from "gtsang”.But they call themselves “bod-pa”in Tibetan language. "bod" means"Tibet" while "pa"means "person".
English Name: Tibetan People 
Language: Tibetan language is widely used and only a small number of them can speak Chinese.The Tibetan language used now is kind of phonetic writing formulated from ancient Sanskrit. The Tibetan language belongs to Sino-Tibetan family and encompasses many dialects and people from different tribes may be can not understand each other.
Population: 6million according to the sixth census in 2010
Religion: Lamaism mainly, but also Bon Religion and Islam
Living area: Tibet  and some other area nearby, such as Qinghai, Gansu, Sichuan, Yunnan,etc.
What for a living: Animal husbandry is a traditional industry in Tibet. Besides this, Tibetan people also plant some crops like highland barley, wheat, beans and coles as well as some vegetables.
 
 


Costumes of Tibetan Nationality 
 
 
Tibetan people from different places in China have different costumes. But in general, Tibetan garments are with long sleeves, wide waists and front parts which buttons on the right. Because of Tibet's cold weather, both men and women will wear long thick dresses (chuba)in winter, but men also  wear a shorter version with pants underneath. Nomads often wear thick sheepskin versions.Tibetan women wear robe with long sleeves in winter but sleeveless ones in summer, and usually with an apron in colorful figures around the waist.The women plait their hair into two queues, the girls into a single queue. 
 
Funeral Arrangements of Tibetan People
 
 
After the death of a Tibetan, there are five ways to arrange the body. The most ceremonious one is pagoda burial, but only  for Dalai Lama. Other Living Buddha and some suzerains in the past will be buried by cremation. Small children or people die of illness, their bodies will be thrown into the river, and hence, this way of burying is named water burial. Maybe this is also the reason that why many Tibetan people don’t eat fish. Some bad guys will be buried in the ground because Tibetan people think a bad person buried in this way can not get a reincarnation for ever.And the most mysterious one is celestial burial, by which bodies are exposed to birds of prey.However, usually,it's not polite to watch this without permission.  
 
 Festivals of Tibetan
 
There are many holiday activities for Tibetan people, almost one holiday in a month, including folk holidays and religious ones. Among all these meaningful Tibetan festivals, Shoton Festival, Bathing Festival, Ongkor festival and Tibetan New Year are most important and interesting ones.
 
 
tibetan new year
http://www.absolutechinatours.com/china-travel/tibetan-new-year-losar.html
 
 
 
World Heritage of Tibetan:   Tibetan Opera
 
 
tibetan opera
Tibetan Opera: the art of Masks. It is the most popular entertainment of the Tibetans. Because of its significance and value, it has been enlisted into UNESCO Intangible Heritage Site.



 

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