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Lu Xun----Soul of Chinese Nation

Lu Xun(鲁迅Lǔ Xùn), as a pen name of Zhou Shuren(周树人September 25, 1881 – October 19, 1936) is very household in China. If tracing the history of Chinese modern literature, this name is always the shinning one and titled such as a famed and great writer, ideologist and revolutionist of modern China, so that no one could miss it.

Born in a well-educated family in Shaoxing, Zhejiang Province, Lu Xun had a carefree childhood in a small village and touched by the pure and honest customs there. But like all good things must come to an end, his father died from tuberculosis in his adolescence and this grievous news drove him to learn Chinese medicine without any hesitation.  

In 1904, Lu Xun went to Sendai Medical Academy (now medical school of Tohoku University, Japan) for his further education in medicine; the initial major was Western medicine, but after he saw many physical strong Chinese men remain completely unmoved when Russian killed their compatriot in a movie, he realized that a pressing matter of the moment was to recall Chinese national spirits. So he changed major into the literary and artistic work and attempted to effect people’s minds.

In 1918 published vernacular fiction "Diary of a Madman", at that time he began to use the pen name of Lu Xun, and this novel has established the cornerstone of New Literature Movement. Around May Fourth movement, he became an editor of “New Youth” magazine, contributed so much to the “May Fourth” new literature movement. He devoted himself entirely to the Chinese liberation career, and wrote many works which had the most sober realistic spirit.

Lu Xun and his Japanese friend Neishan in Shanghai,1933

Lu Xun's family, September 13,1933

In the October of 1927, Lu Xun and Xu Guangping left Guangzhou to Shanghai. Durimng the late years of his life, Lu Xun never gaved up his efforts to pull all Chinese together through his short stories. In order to avoid enemy's persecution,he switched his residence for several times. On October 19, 1936, he died of tuberculosis in No.9, Lane 132, Shanyin Road, Hongkou District. Thousands of people gathered in his funeral spontaneously in Hongqiao. In 1956, the local government moved and reconstructed Lu Xun’s tomb in Shanghai. Chairman Mao presented inscription personally: Lu Xun was an immortal monument of Chinese literature; he used his pen as a sharp knife, pointing at the enemy’s heart. His last residence in Hongkou District now is open to the public.

People who rushed towards Lu Xun's funeral

Lu Xun's Statue in Shanghai Lu Xun Park

In order to commemorate Lu Xun, the Lu Xun Park was established in Shanghai, it is located right behind Hongkou Stadium in Hongkou district. It is one of the largest parks in northern downtown Shanghai. There is a museum in Lu Xun Park in which Lu Xun’s manuscripts, some of his personal stuff, documents and photos are exhibited. All in all, Lu Xun Park is an optimum place for people who is interested in knowing detail about Lu Xun’s brilliant life.


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