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China Classical Gardens: where to see the elegant life of Chinese ancient people


 

China garden has more than 3000 years of history and surely is one of the earliest countries as the cradle of world’s garden art. As a quite important part in world’s garden history, Chinese garden is quite unique and famous for its high-level artistic value and distinctive style of Chinese traditional architectural theory. In the world, the gardens can be divided into three kinds: European Gardens, West Asia Gardens and Chinese Gardens. Among them, Chinese garden is quite different. It has a long history and also basically follows the artistic principle of harmony between human and nature, which in specific is featured of the natural beauty and design under the exquisite arrangement. Moreover, Chinese garden is not only an art of architecture but the place to show Chinese literature, calligraphy, painting, sculpture and craftwork. So many Chinese garden experts say that Chinese garden is a comprehensive art, almost including all the aspects of traditional culture of China. Chinese classical garden is an important part of Chinese architectural culture. It is the exhibition of Chinese traditional culture such as Gardening, Aesthetics, Fengshui(geomantic theory), Philosophy, Literature, Painting, Carving and Miniascape and so on. It is a comprehensive show how Chinese people live a high-quality life in an artistic group of buildings. Traditional scholars’ lifestyle in the picturesque environment is one of reasons why China is reputed The Kingdom of Poem and Leisure. Come into and explore the trace of oriental gentlemen’s life.

  

 

Summer Palace

Summer Palace  Summer Palace is located in the northwest suburb of Haidian district in Beijing City. Based on Kunming Lake and Longevity Hill, artisans of that time adopted some designing techniques and images from gardens of southern Yangtze River and scenery of West Lake of Hangzhou. It is also the best-preserved and largest-scale royal garden in China. It is one of China' s four famous gardens. The others include Summer Vacation Mountain Village in Chengde, Liu Garden and Zhuozheng Garden in Suzhou. It is the emperor's xanadu. During latter-day period, it was seriously destroyed by wars but restored by people repeatedly...

Canglang Pavilion

Canglang Pavilion  It was originally the residential house for the noble caste of China's Five Dynasties Period (about 1,100 years before present). It was then purchased by the poet Su Xunruan (1008 - 1048). He built a pavilion called Canglang along a small river and wrote "The Record of the Canglang Pavilion" for which the present name of the garden came from the literature. The overall architecture of the Canglang Pavilion is of China's Song Dynasty style, natural with excellent simplicity. Tour the Canglang Pavilion and feel the great Suzhou garden in China is a happy experience. The Canglang Pavilion was enlisted the UNESCO's World Cultural Heritage in 2000...

 Lion Grove Garden

Lion Grove Garden The construction of the Lion Grove Garden began in 1342 during China's Yuan Dynasty, by a monk Tianru and a group of Zen Buddhists as a memorial of their master and teacher Zhongfeng. The original name of the garden was "Shizi'lin Si" (The Lion Grove Temple), later called "Putizhengzong Temple" and then "The Holy Grace Temple". It was historically recorded that the site of the temple had a lot of strange stones that shaped like lions. Another story told that the Monk Tianru attained a spiritual enlightenment from the Master Zhongfeng on the Lion Rock of the Tianmushan Mountain in Zhejiang Province, so the temple acquired its name. The Lion Grove Garden had been repaired and renovated between 1917 and 1926...

 Humble Administrator Garden

Humble Administrator Garden  (Zhuozheng Yuan) is the first name in classical gardens at Suzhou. It is located on Dongbei Street in the Old City District, the actual gardening area is about 4 hectares. The construction began in 1509 during the reign of Zhengde Emperor of the Ming Dynasty. The master of the garden was changed several times so it was sometimes being neglected. As a result, the whole garden is divided into three parts, of which each of them has very different characteristic...      

 Lingering Garden

Lingering Garden  The Lingering Garden is located at the outer side of the Chang Gate of Suzhou city, China. It was built in 1593 by a retired imperial official Xu Taishi and called it the East Garden at that time. After he died, the Lingering Garden had been neglected for a very long time. In 1794, Liu Shu became the owner of it. His workers and servants spent four years to repair and renovate the garden...

 Geyuan Garden

Ge garden  Ge garden is a Key Cultural Relic under the State-level Protection and one of Four Great Gardens in Jiangnan(an elegant and poetic title on the area comprised of southern Jiangsu province, northern Zhejiang province, Shanghai and one part of Anhui province). Ge Garden is located on the Dongguan Street in the suburb of Yangzhou city (by the way, this is a key city featured by its important historic level. And Yangzhou is also famous for its moonlight. There is a saying goes like this...

 Heyuan Garden of Yangzhou

He Garden  He garden is located on the street of Xuningmen in Yangzhou city. He garden is the key cultural relic under the state-level protection. It is one of the famous historic and cultural attractions in Yangzhou city. He garden also named Jixiaoshangzhuang was the old site of another garden Shuanghuai Garden (two locust trees garden in literal translation) in the reign of Emperor Qianlong in Qing Dynasty...

 Jichang Garden in Wuxi

Jichang Garden  Jichang Garden was a famous garden with more than 500 -year history. It expresses the high-level gardening skill in Ming and Qing dynasties. It is rich in the cultural relics. Jichang Garden leans against Hui Mountain in the west and Xi Mountain in the southeastern side. On the basis of the advantageous natural conditions, the general layout of this garden is centralized with the water area, the rockery connected with the rest of Hui Mountain in the west and north side. It is also linked with “the second spring on earth”...

 Xihui Garden

Xihui Garden Conventionally, no traveling to Xihui Garden, unmeaning for Wuxi Travel; the cultural and historic zone of Xihui Garden is the most attractive part of Xihui Scenic Area. The places of interest of Xihui Garden gather the rich tourism resources comprised of historic and cultural landscape, the natural landscape featured by the diversified garden characteristics...

 Bao-Family Private Garden

Bao-Family Private Garden  Bao family private garden originally was Bao Qiyun’s private garden, who was the famous businessman and the official specially administrated salt industry. This garden is the gem of Chinese private garden collectively characterized of ancient gardening feature of Huizhou and Huizhou style miniascape. It is equally famous with Zhuozheng garden, Lingering Garden, lion Grove Garden of Suzhou, Meiyuan garden and Liyuan garden of Wuxi. It was collapsed by the war between governmental troops and uprising army of the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom...

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