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A Guide to Classic Chinese Paintings and Masters


 
 
As a foreign traveler, when you visit museums in China, finding numerous gorgeous Chinese paintings in front of you, have you ever got a panic for not knowing which should be ranged on the must-see list? From now on, no worries! Here is a list to notable Classic Chinese paintings and it will be your guide to know famous  ancient painters in the art hoistory of China. Those works in blue are regarded as top ten Chinese paintings.
 
 

DYNASTIES       

ARTISTS

REPRESENTATIVE WORKS

Eastern Jin

(317-420)

Gu Kaizhi
顾恺之
Gù Kǎizhī
Nymph of the LuoRiver                                         
(洛神赋, Palace Museum,Beijing)
Wise and Benevolent Women                                 
(列女图, Palace Museum,Beijing)
Admonitions of the Instructress to the Court Ladies
(女史箴图, British Museum,London)

Sui (581-618)

Zhan Ziqian
展子虔
Zhǎn Zǐqián
Stroll About in Spring                                           
(游春图, Palace Museum,Beijing)

Tang

(618-907)

Yan Liben
阎立本
Yán Lìběn
Emperor Taizong giving audience to an ambassador of Tibet
(步辇图, Palace Museum,Beijing)
Thirteen Emperor Scroll
(历代帝王图, Museum of Fine Arts,Boston)                               
 Tang 
(618-907)
Zhang Xuan
张萱
 Zhāng Xuān
Spring Outing of the Tang Court
(虢国夫人游春图, Museum of Liaoning Province,Shenyang)
Court Ladies Preparing Newly-Woven Silk
(捣练图,Museum of Fine Arts,Boston)
Tang
(618-907)
Zhou Fang
周昉
Zhōu Fǎng
Court Ladies Adorning Their Hair with Flowers
(簪花仕女图,  Museum of Liaoning Province,Shenyang)
Court Ladies with Servants
(挥扇仕女图, Palace Museum,Beijing)

 Tang
(618-907)

Wu Daozi
吴道子
 Wú Dàozǐ
the Scroll of the Eighty-seven Immortals
(八十七神仙卷, Xu Beihong Memorial Hall,Beijing)

 Tang
(618-907)

 Han Huang
韩滉
Hán Huàng
A Picture of Five Cattle
(五牛图,Palace Museum,Beijing)
Five Dynasties
(907-960)
Gu Hongzhong
顾闳中
Gù Hóngzhōng
 Northern Song
(960-1127)
Wang Ximeng
 王希孟
Wáng Xīmèng
A Thousand Li of Rivers and Mountains
(千里江山图,Palace Museum,Beijing)
 Northern Song
(960-1127)
Zhang Zeduan 
(张择端Zhāng Zéduān)
Along the River During the Qingming Festival
(清明上河图,Palace Museum,Beijing)

Yuan
(1271-1368)

Zhao Mengfu
赵孟頫
Zhào Mèngfǔ
Autumn Colors on the Que and Hua Mountains
(鹊华秋色, National Palace Museum, Taipei)
A Man and His Horse in the Wind,Elegant Rocks and Sparse Trees,A Sheep and Goat
 Yuan
(1271-1368)
Huang Gongwang
黄公望
Huáng Gōngwàng
Dwelling in the Fuchun Mountains
(富春山居图, one part is in the Museum of Zhejiang Province,Hangzhou, and the oher part is in the National Palace Museum, Taipei.)

Yuan
(1271-1368)

Wu Zhen
吴镇
Wú Zhèn
Hermit Fisherman on Lake Dongting
(洞庭渔隐图,National Palace Museum, Taipei)

Yuan
(1271-1368)

Ni Zan
倪瓒
Ní Zàn
Six Gentlemen
(六君子图,Shanghai Museum,Shanghai)

Yuan
(1271-1368)

Wang Meng
王蒙
Wáng Méng

Ge Zhichuan Relocating
(葛稚川移居图, Palace Museum, Beijing) 

 Ming
(1368-1644)
Qiu Ying
仇英
Qiú Yīng
 
Spring morning in the Han Palace
(汉宫春晓图,Palace Museum,Beijing)
 

Ming
(1368-1644)

Shen Zhou
沈周
Shěn Zhōu
Lofty Mt. Lu
(庐山高图,National Palace Museum, Taipei)

  Ming
(1368-1644)

 Wen Zhengming
文徵明
Wén Zhēngmíng
 
Forest in Early Spring
(春到寒林图)

  Ming
(1368-1644)

 Tang Yin
唐寅
Táng Yín
Court Ladies of the Former Shu 
(王蜀宫妓图, Palace Museum, Beijing)
Watching the Spring and Listening to the Wind
(看泉听风图, Nanjing Museum)
Ming
(1368-1644)
Dong QiChang
董其昌
Dǒng Qíchāng
Eight Views of Autumn Moods(Shanghai Museum)
Wanluan Thatched Hall
(婉娈草堂图,Private collection, Taipei)
 
 Qing
(1644-1911)
Lang Shining
郎世宁
Láng Shìníng
 One Hundred Horses
(百骏图,National Palace Museum, Taipei)

  Qing
(1644-1911)

 Zhu Da
朱耷
Zhū Dā

Lotus and Birds(荷花小鸟图, Shanghai Museum) 
Mynah Bird on an Old Tree(Palace Museum, Beijing)

Qing
(1644-1911)

Shi Tao
石涛
Shí Tāo

Reminiscences of Qin-Huai, Cleveland Museum of Art 

Qing
(1644-1911)

Zheng Banqiao
郑板桥
Zhèng Bǎnqiáo

 Orchids, Bamboo and Rocks, Shanghai Museum

Qing
(1644-1911)

Ren Bonian
任伯年
Rèn Bónián

 Portrait of Gao Yong's Wife, Honolulu Academy of Arts

20th  century  

 
Wu Changshuo
吴昌硕
Wú Chāngshuò

 

 Peonies and Daffodils (牡丹水仙图), Jilin Provincial Museum

20th century  

 Qi Baishi
齐白石
Qí Báishí

Shrimps  

20th century  

Aachen Lake in Switzerland 爱痕湖
the landscape of Yangtze River 长江万里图

 

20th century  

 Huang Binhong
黄宾虹
Huáng Bīnhóng

Autumn Forest  秋林图

20th century  

Galloping Horse  奔马图 

20th century  

Pan Tianshou
潘天寿
Pān Tiānshòu

The Beggar(行乞图), Horse Fastened on Poplar (垂杨系马),Fox Servant at New Year Eve (狸奴守岁),Mountains at Dawn (晴峦晓色), Soothing Spring Breeze (春风淡荡), Aged Plum Blossoms(古梅), etc.



 

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