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China Top Eight Ancient Capitals

China has a long ancient history, and also generally has the different national capitals in different dynasties. In the early times, China’s national capitals mainly were centralized in middle China such as Luoyang, Anyang, and Xian. In the glorious time of Chinese feudalism, Xian and Beijing are the most outstanding representatives of Chinese ancient capitals. Meanwhile, Kaifeng and Hangzhou are mainly famous as the capital of Chinese Song Dynasty, which was a special dynasty highlighted by its incomparable achievements in culture and spirituality as well as the encouragement of personality. Nanjing is also a capital for many different dynasties including The Republic of China. Generally it is said that Nanjing is not suitable as the site of capital in folk community, it is partially correct according to the historical records on short-lived dynasties that established their capitals in Nanjing. Someone says it is mostly because Nanjing is too feminized to be the national capital if compared with Xian and Beijing. Of course it is just a joke. If you are interested, the list below will be useful.
Beijing- the capital of China's Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties

Beijing is a world-famous ancient cultural city, the capital of China, as well as China's political, economic and cultural center as well as a center for international communications. Roughly 500,000 years ago the land was the home of Peking Man. Beijing was established as a city in 1045 BC. For nearly 800 years, Beijing was a capital city - the provisional capital of the Liao Dynasty and the capital of the Jin, Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Bill Clinton, the former USA president, once said: To equate Beijing and New York, Beijing only needs 100 years. While New York at least needs 2000 years...

Xian is  China's capital when China was in the golden time of Feudalism

Xian, traditionally called Changan, is the provincial capital of Shaanxi in China. Xian is one of four world ancient capitals (the other three are Athens, Roma and Cairo). As the 13-dynasty capital for more than 1100 years from the 11th century BC to the 10th century AD, Xian was the national center of China's politics, economy and culture. Xian is one of 15 assistant provincial-level cities in China and one of core cities of 9 regions in China...

Luoyang, an unknown ancient capital in China

Luoyang has rich historical and cultural sites. The Longmen Grottoes are one of China's three most precious treasure houses of stone sculptures and inscriptions. The White Horse Temple is the first Buddhist temple and is honored as the 'Cradle of Buddhism in China'. Mt. Mangshan is where ancient tombs of emperors, nobles and literates in the past dynasties collected...

Nanjing as the national capital in China does not have a good reputation.

Nanjing, literally "the southern capital", was an ancient metropolis of six different dynasties in China. The first dynasty to choose Nanjing as its capital was Eastern Wu during the Three Kingdoms period and named the city "Jian'ye". In the latter years of the Western Jin Dynasty, Nanjing was called "Jian'kang" and it was a name used from beginning of the 3rd century to the end of the 6th century. The city was formally called Nanjing for the first time in the early Ming Dynasty (1368 to 1644 AD)...

Hangzhou, maybe is China's most beautiful and humanistic capital

Hangzhou located in the southeastern coast of China with different sceneries in the differentiated seasons is one political, economical and cultural center in the area of Yangtze Delta. Its climate is mainly characterized with subtropical monsoon; four seasons are clearly demarcated by this climate. Mildness, wetness, sufficient sunshine and abundant rainfall gift this charming city infinite enchantment. Since the seasonal change of prevailing wind, the weather system, dominated air mass and ...

Kaifeng, located in the same province as Luoyang

Kaifeng is a time-honored city on the yellow river and used to be the national capital of northern Song Dynasty, and it was called Bianzhou,Bianliang and Bianjing as well. Kaifeng is one of top-seven ancient capitals and one of 24 famous cities issued officially by State Council for their history and culture. It has more than 2700 years old since it was established as a city. It is equally famous with Xian, Luoyang, Beijing, Nanjing, Hangzhou and Anyang...

Anyang, at present is famous for its Yin relics

Anyang located in the northernmost part of Henan province, is the place of the Ruins of Yin, a world-famous cultural heritage in China. Anyang is also the center of Chinese Character Invention and Oracle Bone Inscriptions. Also, it is the birthplace of Book of Changes, Spirit of the Red Flag Canal, General Yue Fei known as a hero as well as the tombs of two forefathers of China. In the meantime, it is the center city of Chinese central economic zone...

Zhengzhou, as an ancient capital that Chinese natives even do not  know much about its history

Zhengzhou is partially different from other advanced or developed cities along the coast. It is modern but traditional in life, beautiful and attractive in tour. Its long history and rich custom give us the evidence that it is undoubtedly worth travelling. Zhengzhou is the famous cultural city in China with the long history. It is the rising modern business and trade city.



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