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China Ancient Academy


Bai Lu Dong Ancient Academy China Ancient Academy also called Shu Yuan is Chinese unique ancient education institution. It was born roughly in Tang Dynasty and thrived in Song Dynasty and popularized in Ming and Qing Dynasties, and in the late period of Qing Dynasty, these ancient academies were restructured to be the modernized colleges or universities (today, a lot of famous domestic universities of China are originated from them, particularly Hunan University which could be traced back to Yuelu Academy). China Ancient Academy exists in China for more than 1000 years. It makes a great contribution to the succession and popularity of Chinese culture as well as diversities of theories and heritages. A lot of ancient saints or sages were educated in such form of educational sectors. China Ancient Academy used to be founded by individuals, and in some dynasties it was owned by states by virtue of purchasing, donation and exchange. Today many people say Europe is the origin land of modern university, it is right, but not absolutely, as to the university education and university mechanism, and Chinese ancient academy is the earliest to carry out the higher education. Because many students of these academies could act as officials when they passed the graduation exams held by government. It largely played the role of raising the elite of society and the leader of the country.

Chinese ancient academies mostly were built by individuals, and it surely broke the limit of state-run education institutions and gave more common people the opportunity to receive the education. This was the great development and a remedy to the Ke Ju Educational System. Traditionally, Chinese ancient academy brought up the Confucians because most the textbooks or school disciplines were from Confucianism. The most famous discipline was from Bailudong Ancient Academy. It was created by Zhu Xi who was a master of Confucianism, exactly the Neo-Confucianism. The academy highlighted the ethical education when they taught the knowledge. They paid more attention to the traditional ethical rules and worship ceremony to Confucius in order that the students had the same aim or target when they went out of academy. These students were patriotic such as Wen Tianyang who was the historically famous for his patriotism and died for South Song Dyansty when the troops of Yuan Dynasty occupied the capital of South Song Dynasty.




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