Overview of Tibet Mountain Everest
Some of you may have watched the movie The Wildest Dream, and George Mallory ‘s reply “Because it is there” still echoes in people’s mind when NewYork Times interviewed him why he climb Mt Everest (Qomolangma), which became a famous motto which inspired a whole generation to pursue their own dreams. Piecing into the sky 8848.43 m above sea level, the Pyramid-shaped Mt Everest (also known as Qomolangma, Latitude: 27°59′17″ N, longitude: 86°55′31″ E) belongs to the Mahalangur section of the Himalayas mountain range in Tibet and bordering Nepal on the south, ranking as the tallest mountain in the world.
Today’s Himalayan mountain ranges were an ocean floor in ancient times. During the past times immemorial, rocks and soil from existing Indian subcontinent and nearby Asia were pushed ashore and piled up in a shallow sea floor as sediments. These sediments turned into rock measures 30,000 m high later. Then during the "uplifting" process over 40 million years ago, the sea floor was forced upward to form mountains. According to scientists, Everest keeps growing 7 cm every century.
Together with surrounding mountain clusters which competes each other in height and glaciers snake their way into the horizon, Everest composes an extremely spectacular scene unseen anywhere in the world. Around it, over 50 mountains are above 7000m in height, 16 mountains taller than 8000 m. Its massif includes neighboring peaks Lhotse, 8,516 m (27,940 ft); Nuptse, 7,855 m (25,771 ft), and Changtse, 7,580 m (24,870 ft). Thus this area derives its name as the roof of the world.
As to Everest’s snow line: it is 5800—6200m in North Slope and 5500—6100m in south slope. Among the Northwest Ridge, Southeast Ridge and West Mount Ridge, they are three giant cliffs which shelter 548 giant glaciers with an average thickness of 7260 m, covering an area of 1457.07 square kilometers. On the surface of glaciers, there are various stunning ice tower clusters, ice cliffs, ice cracks and avalanche zones. Thus, though blessed with unparallel beauty, Everest has extremely complicated and dangerous terrain. Combing with strong wind, low oxygen, it imposes much difficulty for mountain climbers.
The past years have witnessed numerous expeditions to ascend it, thus many heroic, legendary stories circulate, interweaved with bloody tragedies. About 4,000 climbers have attempted the summit of Everest, but only 660 have made it. One-hundred forty-two people have died trying.
Around Mt Everest, over 50 Mountains are above 7000m, 16 Mountains Taller than 8000m
Highlights of Tibet Tour around Mountain Everest
Himalayan mountain ranges are relative precipitous on south slope. Towering Heng River of India 6000-7000 m in height, Everest’s south slope functions as a natural giant shield, each year when the southwest season wind prevails, plenty of rainfall is caused and luxuriant forest is fostered consequently. While its north slope is much even, greeting the valley of Tibet, home to Tibetans.
Caped with snow all year round and bathed with flowing clouds called “Flag Cloud”, Everest looks like a sacred Goddess transcending the commonness of this secular world, whose irresistible beauty casts a spell on the beholders, lure mountain enthusiasts around the world to unveil its legendary, and whose extremely potential dangers let those trekkers approach it with awe and cautious.
One of the magical moments is when the rays of sunshine lit up its peaks, which looks like an overbearing king with golden crown. Under the foot of it, countless giant glaciers spring up, with so varied and exotic shapes that it is simply beyond human beings’ imagination. Ice towers with relatively height of 40 to 50 m form a forest, between which lies the labyrinth of deep ice caves or winding brooks, constituting an enticing wonderland. Sky here is extremely clear, so clear just like crystal, dotted with numerous stars like diamonds.
Mt Everest(Qomolangma), the Highest Mountian in the World
Mt Everest (Mt Qomolangma) Base Camp
Mt Everest has two base camps, one in Nepel called the South Base Camp, the other in Tibet, known as the North Base Camp. Road access to the North Base Camp may be obtained from a road branching to the South from the Friendship Highway.
Mt Everest (Mt Qomolangma) Base Camp or North Bash Camp with altitude of 5200m is built to protect Mt Everest area’s environment. Temporary buildings include hotels, tea house, shops and even post office are built and equipped with solar panels to provide illumination. The only permanent buildings there are two rest rooms. During each early April and late May, the best climb time in a year, mountain climbers from all over the world will throng into this base camp, erecting various tents in the spacious field, which is a very grand scene itself. This base camp is the last destination with trace of civilization, the mountain climbers have good rest here before they embark on the thrilling and challenging journey. For photographers, April is the best time to shoot the Flag Cloud here.
At the foot of Mt Everest lies the Rongbuk Monastery, 90 km from the Dingri County in Tibet. With an elevation of 5,800m, it is the highest temple in the world, scenery here is quite impressive. Built in 1899, it becomes a big camp for mountain climbers, the best place to appreciate Mt Everest’s beauty from afar and to see the Rongbuk Glacier, the grandest among numerous glaciers enveloping Everest, and murals inside deserve your full attention. In sunny days, a giant milky cloud will haunt around Rongbuk Monastery, resembling the shape like a flag, thus derived its name as Flag Cloud, which is a marvelous phenomenon.
Everest National Nature Reserve
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Everest National Nature Reserve was established in 1988. Located in Dingri County, Tibet and covering an area of 33,800 square kilometers, it is the most unique comprehensive nature park with dense virgin forest, 47 kinds of rare and endangered species, 10 national first-level protection plants and animals, 28 kinds of national second-level protection plant and animals. It consists of three parts: the core protection area, the science experimental area and the economy developing area. Inside of it, five mountains over 8000m erect magnificently, surrounded by deep valleys with unfathomed depth as well as over 600 glaciers stretching an area of 10,000 square kilometers.
Everest is caped with snow all year around with snow line from 4500m to 6000m, its south slope is blessed with rich rainfall, mountain below 1000 meters belongs to the tropical seasonal forest, 1000 to 2000 meters the subtropical evergreen forest, over 2000 meters the temperate rainforests, above 4500m the high mountain grassland.
Everest National Nature Reserve is abundant with varied wild animals, crops and livestock species. It is home to 2348 kinds of plants and various agriculture crops include wheat, corn, potato and barley, livestock like yak, cattle, horse, mule, donkey, sheep, and goat.
It shelters 5 species of fish, 6 species of reptile, 8 species of amphibians, 53 mammals, 206 kinds of bird, and 160 kinds of herb. Rare species like peacock, gibbon, Tibet bear, snow leopard and Tibet antelopes can be found here, you can see the first-class protected animal ounces and the valuable timber sandals in this area also.
F. Gengalensis (it is a cat)
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Are you Suitable for Climbing
According to experts, it is a piece of cake for most trekkers when start from 5337m in Base Camp, but the danger lures ahead increases gradually. When trekkers reach the altitude over 7000m, they will have illusions due to lack of oxygen. If they are lucky to make it and reach the 7955-meters-high Camp Four, the road ahead is more threatening. At this critical time, the trekkers will find themselves dizzy, dehydrated, breath heavily, heart beats fiercely and tortured hunger and thirst due to the declining gastrointestinal absorption function. Besides, they tend to be sleepy, confused, and downright stupid, and if they surrender to sleepiness, then, a nap will be a permanent death. Generally, Oxygen Mask Breathing Equipments are necessary for people to continue the expedition. Without it, they will faint within 30m. Altitude over 8000m is called Death Zone, the temperature will reach 35 minus degree, and it takes two hours to boil the snow to make a cup of tea.
Climate and Best Travel Season for Climbing
Everest’s average temperature ranges from -20℃ in July to -37℃ in January. The highest and lowest temperature for mountains over 7500m high is -27.1℃ in February to -10.4℃ in August respectively. Because of the extreme cold temperature, it is called the third pole in the world. Weather here changes constantly, it is unpredictable even within one day and beset with sudden storms, heavy snow, and strong wind. Generally, each early June to middle September is the rain season, while middle November to February features strong northwest wind with ultimate speed reaching 90m/second, which will lower the temperature as low as -60℃. Each early March to late May, and early September to October are the best time for climbing, among which less than 20 days are actually fine. Even though succeeded in ascending Mt Everest, you may still face storm, snow avalanche on way back. Watch closely about weather forecast is advised before you embark on the venture. You should prepare enough clothes, foods and water, and medicines.
the Mountain Climber on the Giant Glacier of Mt Everest
the Unique Ice Towers
Procedures of Climbing Everest
There are two kinds of permits for traveling in Tibet: the Tibet Entry Permit (TTB permit) and the Alien's travel permit (PSB permit).
First, apply for Tibet Entry Permit, and DO join in the group tour, because foreigners are not allowed to travel by themselves in Tibet. Besides, foreign diplomat, journalist, government officials are forbidden to tour around Tibet also. Find a reliable travel agent, provide them your basic information including name, nationality, age, gender, vocation, passport number, route, approximate travel time, travel intentions and phone number, they will arrange everything for you. There is a trick that when you apply for China visa, please do not mention Tibet. After you get China visa you can easily get Tibet permit. Otherwise you have to wait for Tibet permit and then you can get China visa. Tibet Entry Permit will be issued when your passport and visa have been received. Although only 3 working days are needed to verify and issue the ratification, you had better apply at least 10 days prior to your entry date.
Second, you should apply for an “Alien's travel permit” or "PSB permit" which is issued by the Local Public Security Bureau (PSB) of Tibet to travel Mt. Everest area. The travel agent will take care of this for you.
Mt Everest lies in the borderline about 100 km. (62 mi.) south of Sino-Nepal Road, you can hire a car from Lhasa or take some vehicles by the way in Ding Ri or La Zi, but do not expect find a car within the 100 km away from the Mt Everest Base Camp.
Take Bus from Lhasa to Ding Ri, then Heading for Rongbuk Monastery by Car
Each hour, there is bus heading from Lhasa to Rikeze, with ticket fee ranges from 85 -125 RMB per person. From Rikeze to Ding Ri, there are just two shuttles per day, with 85RMB ticket fee per person. After you reach Ding Ri, share a car with others and head to Rongbuk Monastery near Mt Everest Base Camp, it usually costs 500RMB per person. After you reach Rongbuk Monastery, you can transfer the Eco-friendly car and heading to Mt Everest Base Camp, the starting point of your climbing journey, which costs 25 RMB per person.
Hiring or driving a Car from Lhasa to Mt Everest Base Camp
No matter you are renting a car or driving it by yourself, you need to go through the mountain climbing permission procedures in hotles near Xingding Ri Road. When you reach the Dingri Zhufeng roadcross, pay the Mt Everest Site Entry Fee: 180RMB per person (90RMB per person during the off-season) Vehicles Fees: 405RMB for light vehicles, 605MB for heavy vehicles, this fee is charged with aim to maintain the environment of Mt Everest.
Forty km away from Mt Everest, you are expected to transfer to the eco-friendly car heading to Rongbuk Monastery, and the fee is 80MB per person. From Rongbuk Monastery to Base Camp of Mt Everest, it will cost 25RMB only.
the Climbing Route from Tibet
Dining and Accommodation
When you reach Xin Ding Ri, you can stay in Zhufeng Hotel (Mt Everest Hotel), Shanghai Zhufeng Garden Hotel and Baiba hotel, rooms inside are equipped with bathroom and rest room, which cost 330-340 per room. After you leave Xin Ding Ri, the only place you can stay overnight near the Mt Everest Base Camp is Rongbuk Monastery, which cost 30 to 45 per bed. You can find it an ideal place to appreciate splendid view both in twilight and dawn. Near the gate of Rongbuk Monastery, there is a little restaurant run by a young man, who can speak English, and you can bargain with him.
Tibet’ sunshine is bright, and burning, thus you should bring sunscream, sunglasses and hats. The dry environment associated with higher elevation increases the likelihood of dehydration. Using lip balm to avoid chapped lips, and drink enough water.
Because there is a base station in Rongbuk Monastery, so the cell phone signal can cover the nearby tollgate of Every Base Camp.
Special Thing to do
In the Mt Everest (Mt Qomolangma) Base Camp’s post office, the highest post office in the world, you can pay for a special cancellation of the Mt. Everest on your postcards, and send them to your friends. This will reach your friends after half a month.
There are many legal travel agents good reputation and service which can help you in Lhasa, be careful not to apply for the TTB or PSB certificates through those “guides” near train station, on the street or hotels, they usually trick you to pay extra fees. Also be careful not to get on the illegal cars, and remember sign a contract issued by China National Tourism Administration to ensure your safety.
A trip to Everest means different things for different people, but one thing is the same, to conquer the highest mountain in this world, to appreciate its mysterious and subliming cluster of mountains from atop. Despite of the potential danger and risk, this travel experience will be a very rewarding and memorable one.
Khumbu Glacier:the most Dangerous Part of Climbing Mt Everest from Nepal
the Adventurer uses a ladder to Cross the Khumbu Glacier