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Mingzu Mausoleum

Anjue Temple(安觉寺) located in Kangding city of Sichuan province and the side of Zheduo River and Jiangjun Bridge is a Tibetan-style temple typically. 

It is said in 1652, Dalailama 5 passed by Kangding and invited by the local high-level monks to select the site of temple and participated in the opening ceremony for building temples. Two years later, Dalai assigned five lamas to build temple and mobilized five believers to help them. On 25, October, 1652 in Tibetan calendar, the temple was completed. The time for building this temple is closely related to Five, and in Tibetan language, Five has the same pronunciation as Safety so local people named it Anque Temple in order to hope people in all directions could show their respect to this temple. 

In July, 1937, Da ChuanXian who was a high official in charge of examination and education wrote name for this temple, but he changed the name to be Anjue Temple. However, during Chinese Cultural Revolution, the plaque was destroyed, and the name is still widely called and used today.

Mingzu Mausoleum(明祖陵)is located on the west side of Hongze Lake(洪泽湖) in Xuyi County(盱眙县), Huaian, Jiangsu province. Actually it was the cenotaph and real tomb of the forefather and grandfather of Emperor Taizhu(Zhu Yuanzhang, the founder of Ming Dynasty).

Roughly 30 years were taken for establishment of Mingzu Mausoleum. Characterized by its long time of construction and the magnificence of layout, Mingzu Mausoleum came out top. Basically, it was built under the guide of the size of Mausoleum of Tang and Song Dynasties. 

Mausoleum region entirely looks as a rectangle with three layers of walls: the outer is a clay-made wall with 3 kilometers; the middle is a brick-made wall with a length of 1.1 kilometers, and the inner is the imperial town, which is comprised of Main Hall, Xianfu Hall, Divinity Kitchen, Worship House, Storehouse and Yudai Bridge and so on. 

On the street in front of the mausoleum, there are in total 21 pairs of stone-made figures on both sides. They are ranked on the 850-meter axes from north to south. The stone statues are large but life-like. The largest one has more than 20 tons and the small is also no less than 5 tons. Two couples of kylins, six couples of stone lions, two couples of horse offices, one couple of stone horse, two couples of officials, two couples of offices
and two couples of inferior servants. 

These stone statues are grand with a high-level technique. The whole style is not inferior to the statues of Fengyang Imperial Mausoleum. It is different from those statues in Xiaoling Tomb in Nanjing and Thirteen Mausoleums in Beijing. The excavation of Mingzu Mausoleum has provided many rare real materials and data for the research of the early Imperial Mausoleum architectural style of Ming Dynasty. 
      Mingzu Mausoleum, Huaian, Jiangsu, China    Mingzu Mausoleum, Huaian, Jiangsu, China 


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