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Wangwushan Daimeishan World Geopark

 
Situated in Jiyuan and Luoyang City, Henan province, the 986 km2 Wangwushan-Daimeishan World Geopark consists of three landforms (Mt.Wangwushan , Mt Meidaishan and Yellow River Valley) and three scenic areas (Tiantanshan Scenic Area, Fengmenkou Scenic Area and Yellow River Three Gorges Scenic Area). It is a comprehensive world geopark embracing diversified geological landform and ancient Taoism culture.

Mt Wangwushan Scenic Area comprises 38 peaks, 26 springs, 5 wonder sites constituted by pools, lakes and caves, 125 scenic sites, with the 1715 meters high Tiantan as its highest peak.

In this geopark, you can see the imposing yellow river's Xiaolangdi Reservoir, the deep and mysterious Longtan Valley, the 2000 years old Gingko tree , classic and stately Daoism monasteries, and have a splendid bird’s eye-view on Tiantan Peak.
 

Overlook the World at the Altitute of 1715 meters: Mt Wangwushan, the Holly Mountain for Daoism Priests

 

What to See in Mt Wangwushan Scenic Area

Mt. Wangwushan(王屋山)

Located in Jiyuan city, Henan Province, the 265km2 Mt.Wangwushan derives its name from its shape which resembles a king’s dwelling house. It is the top Taoism Mountain in China and the hometown of Yugong (“Mr Fool with strong determination). Mt Wangwushan Scenic Area is divided into seven scenic areas and consists of 125 scenic sites, with the 1715m Tiantanshan as its peak, which is higher in northeast slope and descends gradually.

For thousands of years, Mt Wangwushan, the paradise for those Daoism priests, contains many Daoism monasteries. Tang Dynasty in particular, witnessed Taoism swept China and many monasteries were constructed at that time. It is also one of the favorite places for emperors, scholars in ancient time and numerous poems and stone sculptures were devoted to praise its enchanting natural beauty.
 

Mountain Wangwushan, Derives its name from its shape which resembles the king's dwelling house



It is said Emperor Huangdi once made the worship ritual before the altar of Tiantan Peak, this legend makes Mt Wangwushan a holly place. In Mt Wangwushan, you can find the over 2000 years’ old rare Gingko tree, the living fossil of plants, which is 45.7 meters in height and 9.45meters in diameter. It is the biggest Gingko tree survived today in China, local people deem it as an immortal tree and pray under it for good luck. Not far away sits the Forever Young Spring which runs continuously all year around, humming a tune to Mt Wangwushan joyfully. The ancient Ginko tree and the Forever Young Spring are thought to symbolize the everlasting and eternal love, it is said if lovers make promises along this Spring, they will live a happy life everafter. Sceneries vary with the alteration of four seasons: in spring, you can appreciate the full blossom of spring flowers; in summer, you can indulge in the scenery of exuberant forest; in autumn, mountains will adopt the most eye-dazzling colors and in winter, snow will turn this park into a pure white fairyland.
 
As one of the nine famous mountains in ancient China, Chinese folktales such as Mr Fool Wants to Move the Mountain《愚公移山》brings much charm to it. Besides, Wangwushan is habited by numerous rare animal species, which are of high aesthetic and scientific study value.
 
  

 Heaven Worship Ritual Performance

 Daoism Temple on Mountain Peak

 Mr Fool and his descendants Move the Mountain Wangwushan

 Nvwa(女娲), the creator of Human beings in Chinese Myths

 
 
Story: Mr. FooI Wants to Move the Mountain


there were two high mountains between Jizhou in the south and Heyang in the north. One was called Taihang Mountain and the other Wangwu Mountain. Both of the mountains were very high. Just to the north of the mountains lived an old man called Yu Gong who was nearly 90 years old. With the two high mountains just in front of his house, his family and he had to walk a long way around the mountains whenever they had something to do on the other side of the mountains. One day, Yu Gong called all his family together to talk about how to move the two mountains to other places. His wife said, "An old man like you cannot even move a small hill, not to mention the two high mountains. Even if you can, where can you throw so much earth and stone?" "the Bohai Sea is big enough to contain all the earth and stone," Yu Gong said. So it was decided. His children started to dig the mountains, led by the old man Yu Gong. A man named Zhi Sou saw them working and tried to stop them, saying, "You are so silly! You're so old and weak that you can't even take away the grass and trees. How can you move the high mountains?" "You're wrong," Yu Gong said with a sigh. "Look, my sons can continue my work after my death. When my sons die, my grandchildren will continue. So generations after generations, there's no end. But the mountains can't grow higher. Do you still say I can’t move them away?" Later the Heaven God, upon learning of Yu Gong’s story, was GREatly moved. He then ordered another god to come down and take the two high mountains away. the story tells us that so long as one is determined and sticks to it long enough, anything can be done, no matter how difficult it is.

 

 Peach Blossom in Spring

 Mt Wangwushan in Autumn Mist

 

 Tiantan Peak Covered with Snow

 A Monkey in Mt Wangwushan is Drinking Beer

  

 Valley in Wangwushan-Daimeishan World Geopark

 Tiantan Immortal Path(天坛神路)

  

 The 2000 years old Ginko Tree

 the Forever Young Spring




Yangtai Palace(阳台宫)

Sits at the foot of Mt. Wangwushan, Yangtai Palace is your first stop. Its main body, Sanqing Palace(三清殿) and Yuhuang Pavilion(玉皇阁) , were rebuilt in Ming Dynasty and worthy of sightseeing. Yuhuang pavilion, in particular, is very striking for the classic architecture style and dozens of stone columns engraved with folktale stories. Inside of Yangtai Palace, there is a 14 meters tall linden tree(Buddhism tree,七叶菩提树) with diameter of 3 meters. It is said it belongs to Tang dynasty. Under its foot, the Forever Young Spring zigzags its way elegantly.

Tiantan Peak(天坛)

Standing on Tiantan Peak(天坛), you can take a bird’s-eye view of the famous yellow river which meadows its way around Mt Wangwushan, the splendid Xiaolangdi reservoir and the gorgeous view of the ancient Luoyang city outlined by lights at night. Besides, you can have the splendid view of sea of clouds here.

The 1027 meters high Huagai Peak in front of Tiantan Peak is home to the wild peach forest. Thus, you can appreciate the peach blossom in spring and the autumn leaves in autumn.

Nantian Gate(南天门) sits in Tiantan Peak, was built in Ming Dynasty. Its main door made of bricks and stone is flanked by Fortune Gate and Wisdom Gate on both sides. Adjoining to cliffs, this classic and stately architecture looks more imposing and mysterious. Left to Tiantan peak erects the 1524 meters high Rijing Peak(日精峰), the best site to watch sunrise. Right to Tiantan Peak lies the Yuehua Peak(月华峰), one can see the most beautiful moon view here.
 

Tiantan Peak(天坛)



Tiantan Immortal Path(天坛神路)

The path leads to Tiantan Peak is called Tiantan Immortal path, which is 3768 meters in length, 1.5 meters in width and with 4631 steps in total. There are many poems devoted to it. Li bai wrote the road leads to Tiantan Peak is so long and crooked that makes people hesitates to ascend, but the scenery is so bewildering that lures people to embark on the climbing. Many scenic sites scatter along this path, each with legendary or stories, thus you won’t feel bored.

Shifang Monastery(十方院, 上访院)

Building along the mountain, Shifang Monastery boasts long history. There is one pine tree over one thousand years old with crooked branches, which looks like a dragon.

Mt Wangwushan Cableway(王屋山索道)

Mt Wagnwushan cableway is 1526 meters in length, with comparative height of 660meters. It has 13 bracket points and 109 cable cars, thus can deliver 300 tourists per hour.
 
 
 


Tiantan Pavilion(天坛阁)

Covering an area of over 1000km2, Tiantan Pavilion consists four floors above ground and two underground floors.

Xuanyuan Palace(轩辕殿)

Xuanyuan Huangdi, Chinese people’s ancestor and the first Emperor, was born in Henan Province. Five thousand years ago, he united ancient China and set an altar in Mt Wangwushan’s Tiantan Peak to carry out worship rituals to heaven, thus this altar is named as the number one altar in China. To memorized Xuanyuan Huangdi’s worship ritual, local people make it a custom and there is Heaven Sacrifice Ritual held there.

Mt Daimeishan Geopark

Located at the transitional area of Qinling Ridge and Mt Taixingshan, the 328 square kilometers Mt Daimeishan geopark boasts marvelous Yellow River scenery, crystal lakes, towering peaks, charming islands, gorgeous valleys, exuberant forests, expansive grasslands, numerous historical and cultural sites&relics and unique local customs. It is divided into Mt Daimeishan Scenic Area, Mt Qinyaoshan Scenic Area, Longtan Valley Scenic Area, Wanshan Pool Scenic Area and Mt Jingzishan Scenic Area.

Mt Daimeishan geopark shelters 16 mountains inside, with the 1346.6 meters high Mt Daimei peak as the highest point, whose four sides are very precipitous. These mountains are covered by bizarre rocks of various shapes, some look like towers, some like castles and some like pavilions. Though steep and hard to climb, these mountains’ peaks are usually open spaces with thick plantation which look like plateaus, often seen in European countries. Standing on the mountain peaks, you can see mountains submerged by sea of clouds, only with one cape of Phoenix Ridge floating like a flying bird among the fairyland.

Mt Daimeishan

Mt Daimeishan is the highest peak of Yellow River Xiaolangdi Reservoir area, and is part of the Daimeishan-yellow river tour route. Left of Mt Daimeishan sits the Yinma Lake, around this lake are the Qinglongshan and Honglongshan Island which boasts numerous cultural relics. Mo Zi, the great ancient thinker’s residence, statues and tomb are located here. North of Mt Daimeishan, six sub-branches of yellow river forming a very attractive view. If you love adventure, the deep and mysterious Daimei Grand Valley is a good place to go. If you love peach flowers, well, you can visit the Xiantao Valley Scenic Area which is famous for preach blossom in Spring.


Longtan Valley

Longtan Valley is the key part of Mt Daimeishan geopark,  sheltering Red Rock Valley (红岩嶂谷) which mirrors the dramatic geological changes of Mt Daimeishan emerged from the ocean during 1.8 to 2 billion years ago. It is of high scientific study and aesthetic value. This 12 km long U-shaped valley has steep cliffs, crooked valleys, waterfalls, pools, water wave stones rare seen elsewhere in the world. In this valley, there are six mysterious things include the water flows upward , the Buddha Light Cliff, the giant’s fingerprint, stone book, butterfly spring as well as immortal’s footprint, seven pools and eight nature wonders include water wave stones, tree grows out of stone, Yinyang Pool Pot Valley, Five Generation Water Wave Stone, The Collapse of Heaven and Earth, Tonglingxiang Valley,ect.
 
  

 Longtan Valley: Buddha light Cliff

 Longtan Valley

  

 It Looks like Shrine to shelter Buddha Statues, thus is called  Stone Shrine

Mysterious Stone with Unique Pattern Named as Stone Book

  

Water Wave Stone

 Giant's Fingerprint

  
  
  
  
  

 Unique Rocks

 Pot-shaped Valley(瓮谷)



Daimei King Cypress

At the foot of Xishan, there is a giant cypress tree which is 27.5 meters in height and 9.5 meters in diameter. Main scenery sites here include Immotals Gathering Terrace(聚仙台), Sunrise Watch Terrace, Moon Watch Terrace, Qiyun Terrace and Mt Zhujinshan, ect.

Tips

Mt Daimeishan’s environment is relatively vulnerable and be careful not to be hit by rocks and mountains slides; local people deems it as a holly place, thus avoid improper behavior such as pee at the mountain peaks or pull down branches or touch the Taoism sculptures.

It is windy and dry in Henan Province, so do drink enough water and bring skin care products.

There are too many steps when climbing Mountain Wangwushan,  ladies had better not to wear dresses.
 
 
For Large Picture of this Map: please  click the Map title.
 
 

The World Renowned Xiaolangdi Reservoir

Yuanyang Travel Tips
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